Up Close With the introduction of Android
Android is the operating system for mobile phones based on Linux. Android provides an open platform to developers for creating their own applications for use by a variety of mobile devices. Initially, Google Inc.. bought Android Inc.., newcomers who make software for mobile phones. Then to develop Android, formed the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of 34 companies for hardware, software, and telecommunications, including Google, HTC, Intel, Motorola, Qualcomm, T-Mobile, and Nvidia.
At the inaugural release of Android, 5 November 2007, with the Open Handset Alliance Android states support the development of open standards on mobile devices. On the other hand, Google released the Android code under the Apache license, a license software and open standard mobile device.
In this world there are two types of distributors operating system Android. The first fully supported by Google or Google Mail Services (GMS) and the second is completely free distribution without direct support Google’s otherwise known as the Open Handset Distribution (OHD).
In July 2000, Google works with Android Inc.., A company located in Palo Alto, California United States. The founders of Android Inc.. working at Google, among them Andy Rubi, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White. At that time many consider the functions of Android Inc.. just as software on mobile phones. Since then the rumors that Google is about to enter the mobile phone market. In company Google, a team led by Rubin served to develop a program of mobile devices supported by the Linux kernel. This shows an indication that Google is preparing for a competition in the mobile phone market. android latest version of version 3.0. Android also has joined with some smart mobile such as Nokia, Sony Ericsson, and others.
Around September 2007 a study reported that Google filed a patent application mobile phone (Google finally introduced the Nexus One, one type of smart phone that uses Android operating system. This mobile phone manufactured by HTC Corporation and is available in the market on January 5, 2010).
On December 9, 2008, announced the new members who join the work program Android ARM Holdings, Atheros Communications, manufactured by Asustek Computer Inc., Garmin Ltd., Softbank, Sony Ericsson, Toshiba Corp., and Vodafone Group Plc. Along the formation of the Open Handset Alliance, OHA announced their first product, Android, the mobile device which is a modified Linux kernel 2.6. Since Android was released has been carried out various reforms in the form of bug fixes and adding new features.
The first phone using Android operation system is the HTC Dream, which was released on October 22, 2008. At the end of the year 2009 is expected in this world there are at least 18 types of mobile phones that use Android.
1. Android version 1.1
On March 9, 2009, Google released the Android version 1.1. Android version is equipped with an aesthetic update to the application, alarm clock, voice search (search sound), sending messages to Gmail, and email notification.
2. Android version 1.5 (Cupcake)
In mid-May 2009, Google re-released mobile phone using Android and the SDK (Software Development Kit) with version 1.5 (Cupcake). There are several updates including the addition of several features in mobile version is the ability to record and watch videos with the camera mode, upload video to Youtube and images to Picasa directly from the phone, A2DP Bluetooth support, the ability to automatically connect to a Bluetooth headset, animated display, and on-screen keyboard that can be adjusted with the system.
3. Android version 1.6 (Donut)
Donut (version 1.6) was released in September by displaying the search process better than before, the use of battery indicator and control applet VPN. Another feature is the gallery that allows users to select which photos will be deleted; cameras, camcorders and galleries dintegrasikan; CDMA / EVDO, 802.1x, VPN, Gestures, and Text-to-speech engine; contacts dial capability; technological change text to speech (not available on all phones; procurement VWGA resolution.
4. Android version 2.0/2.1 (Eclair)
On December 3, 2009 re-launched Android phones with version 2.0/2.1 (Eclair), changes made was the optimization of hardware, improved Google Maps 3.1.2, change the UI with a new browser and support for HTML5, a new list of contacts, support for camera flash third , 2 MP, digital zoom, and Bluetooth 2.1.
To move quickly in the competition next generation devices, Google held a competition to invest with the best mobile applications (killer apps – the application of superior). This competition with prizes $ 25,000 for each selected application developers. The competition was held over two stages of each step of the selected 50 best applications.
With the growing and increasingly growing number of Android handsets, the more interested third parties to distribute their applications to the Android operating system. Well-known applications have been transformed into the Android operating system is Shazam, Backgrounds, and WeatherBug. Android operating system in the Internet site was also considered important to create native Android applications, for example by MySpace and Facebook.
5. Android version 2.2 (Froyo: Frozen Yoghurt)
6. Android versi 2.3 (Gingerbread)
On December 6, 2010, the Android version 2.3 (Gingerbread) was launched. General changes obtained from the Android version include increased capacity to the game (gaming), an increase in copy and paste function, the display interface (User Interface) redesigned, VP8 video format support and WebM, new audio effects (reverb, equalization, headphone virtualization, and bass boost), support the ability of Near Field Communication (NFC), and the support of more than one camera.